A Fifth of Beethoven

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Albert Flores

"A Fifth of Beethoven" is a disco instrumental recorded by Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band, adapted from the first movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 5. The record was produced by production music and sound effects recording producer Thomas J. Valentino. The "Fifth" in the song's title is a pun, referencing a liquid measure approximately equal to one-fifth of a gallon, a popular size for bottles containing liquor, as well as Beethoven's Fifth Symphony from which the song was adapted.

Released as a single by Private Stock Records in 1976, the song debuted at number 80 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and climbed to number 1 within 19 weeks, remaining there for one week. In 1977, it was licensed to RSO Records for inclusion on the best-selling Saturday Night Fever soundtrack. +more The song is one of Murphy's few Top 40 hits.

Background and recording

In college, Murphy's interests included rock music, particularly that which was adapted from classical music, such as "Joy" by Apollo 100 and "A Lover's Concerto" by The Toys. Later, in 1976, while writing a disco song for a commercial, a producer suggested the idea of "updating classical music", which "nobody [has] done lately". +more He then recorded a demo tape of five songs-three were ordinary pop songs, while the fourth was a disco rendition of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony titled "A Fifth of Beethoven"-mailing it to various record labels in New York City.

The response was underwhelming, but "Fifth" caught the interest of Private Stock Records owner Larry Uttal. Murphy signed on to Private Stock and recorded the album A Fifth of Beethoven, containing the title track and first single of the same name. +more The single was credited to "Walter Murphy & The Big Apple Band" upon encouragement from Private Stock, which believed it would be more successful if credited to a group rather than an individual. However, two days following the record's release, Private Stock discovered the existence of another Big Apple Band (which promptly changed its name to Chic). The record was later re-released and credited to "The Walter Murphy Band", then simply to "Walter Murphy".

Reception

"A Fifth of Beethoven" started at number 80 on the Billboard Hot 100 and eventually reached number 1 within 19 weeks, where it stayed for one week. The single sold two million copies, while the album sold about 750,000 copies. +more The second single, a rendition of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's "Flight of the Bumblebee", titled "Flight '76", reached number 44 on the Hot 100.

In addition to Saturday Night Fever, it appears in a heavily edited form in the movie House of Gucci. It is used as the theme of the TV miniseries +more_America_(miniseries)'>Mrs. America.

In popular culture

The music was used in a recruitment campaign by the Irish Defence Forces in the early 1980s.

Charts and certifications

Weekly charts

Chart (1976)Peak position
Australia (Kent Music Report)15
South Africa (Springbok Radio)14
US Billboard Hot 1001
US Billboard Hot Disco Singles10
US Billboard Hot Soul Singles10
US Billboard Adult Contemporary13
US Cash Box1
US Record World1

Year-end charts

Chart (1976)Rank
Australia (Kent Music Report)91
Canada Top Singles (RPM)8
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)25
US Billboard Hot 10010
US Cash Box6

All-time charts

Chart (1958-2018)Position
US Billboard Hot 100120

Certifications

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