Department of Defense Education Activity

12 hours ago
Albert Flores

The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is a federal school system headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, responsible for planning, directing, coordinating, and managing prekindergarten through 12th grade educational programs on behalf of the United States Department of Defense (DoD). DoDEA is globally positioned, operating 163 accredited schools in 8 districts located in 11 foreign countries, 7 states, Guam, and Puerto Rico.

DoDEA employs 15,000 employees who serve 71,000 children of active duty military and DoD civilian families.

DoDEA operates as a field activity of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Personnel and Readiness). It is headed by a director who oversees all agency functions from DoDEA headquarters in Alexandria. +more DoDEA's schools are divided into 3 geographic areas: Europe, the Pacific, and the Americas.

It is one of two U.S. federal government school systems, along with the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE).



Shortly after the end of World War II, the United States military established schools for the children of its service men and women stationed in Europe and the Pacific. Schools for children of military members stationed at various bases in the United States were already well-established. +more First administered by the military branches they served, the growing number of schools was soon transferred to civilian managers, then organized into two separate but parallel systems: the Department of Defense Dependents Schools (Pacific and Europe) overseas, and the Department of Defense Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools (Americas) in the United States. In 1994 the two systems were brought together under an umbrella agency, the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA).


The DoDEA instructional program provides a prekindergarten through 12th grade curriculum. Currently 100% of DoDEA schools are accredited and in good standing with their regional accrediting agency. +more Students consistently achieve high scores in the National Assessment of Educational Progress and above the national average on standardized assessments. Minority students have been especially successful, scoring at or near the highest in the United States in mathematics.

DoDEA measures student progress with multiple performance-based assessments. The TerraNova standardized test provides DoDEA with results that it can compare to a nationwide sample. +more DoDEA students also take the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), which provides comparisons of student achievement in reading, writing, math, and science. All DoDEA schools are accredited by the North Central Association Commission on Accreditation and School Improvement (NCA CASI) or the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Council on Accreditation and School Improvement (SACS CASI), which provide each school with an independent evaluation.

Schools submit annual reports of data, and every five years they host an on-site validation visit led by education experts from the United States. Following the on-site visits, the experts send a report that includes recommendations for improvements to each of the schools visited. +more DoDEA conducts internal monitoring of educational programs to ensure high-quality implementation of new programs and overall effectiveness of existing programs. Monitoring activities may include, but are not limited to the following activities: surveys, interviews, focus groups, classroom observations and the analysis of achievement and training data. Currently 100% of DoDEA schools are accredited and in good standing.


In 2008 the +more_Congress'>U. S. Congress published a study stating that decreased military budgets resulted in 70% of the DoDEA schools having campuses in less than ideal physical condition, with their conditions specifically noted as either "poor" or "failing".

A 2015 editorial of the Minneapolis Star-Tribune noted that schools in the DoDEA, were well funded, partly due to post-September 11 attacks security concerns and partly because of the size of the DOD itself, as well as the leadership of Robert Gates, who served as the Secretary of Defense. The Star-Tribune contrasted this with the lesser-funded Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) network, also federal and serving Native American students.

Academic achievement

In 2001 the Government Accountability Office (GAO) wrote "The academic achievement of DOD students, as measured by their performance on standardized tests and their plans for enrolling in college, generally exceeds that of elementary and secondary students nationwide. On college admission tests, DOD students score at or near national averages. +more".

DoDEA Americas Region

Headquartered in Peachtree City, Georgia, in the Atlanta metropolitan area, DoDEA Americas is divided into 2 school districts (Americas Mid-Atlantic and Americas Southeast) and operates 51 schools at 16 military communities on the U. S. +more mainland, Puerto Rico, and Cuba. As of May 2019, it educates approximately 22,000 students of U. S. military and eligible DoD civilian personnel families.

DoDEA Americas' Mid-Atlantic District

Camp Lejeune, NC

Bitz IS * Brewster MS * Heroes ES * Johnson PS * Lejeune HS * Tarawa Terrace ES (note DeLalio ES is at MCAS New River)

Fort Bragg, NC

Albritton MS * Bowley ES * Devers ES * Gary Ivan Gordon ES - In the Linden Oaks area * Hampton PS * Irwin IS * Poole ES * Randall David Shughart ES - In Linden Oaks * Shughart MS - In Linden Oaks

High school students attend local public schools based on what county they reside in: Cumberland County Schools for Cumberland County residents, and Hoke County Schools for Hoke County residents. The Cumberland County parts are assigned to EE Smith High School.

The Linden Oaks area is in Harnett County Schools, and is assigned to Overhills High School.

Marine Corps Air Station New River, NC

DeLalio ES Brewster Middle School and Lejeune High School in Camp Lejeune serve the community for secondary school.

Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division, VA

Dahlgren ES/MS ** The school first opened in 1921. The school's principal facility was built during World War II. +more In 2011 a review of the building found that it was in "poor" shape.

King George County Public Schools operates non-DoDEA public schools in King George County. Most off-post persons associated with NSF Dahlgren send their children to King George County schools. +more King George High School is the local county high school.

Marine Corps Base Quantico, VA

Crossroads ES **The 129,577 sqft facility was scheduled to open in Spring 2016. It had a cost of $47 million. +more It has a two-story media center and a rooftop environmental science center, patio, and garden. The facility uses natural light and heating from geothermal sources. In 2015 the Star-Tribune described it as "state-of-the-art school design". It replaced Ashurst, Burrows, and Russell elementary schools in Quantico. * Quantico MS/HS.

USMA West Point, NY

West Point ES * West Point MS

The academy is physically in the Highland Falls Central School District. The military installation sends students to +more_O'Neill_High_School'>James I. O'Neill High School of Highland Falls for high School,under contract. Pre-school through 8th grade attend school on the military academy grounds. The elementary school and the middle school are part of the DODEA system, not in the Highland Falls Scchool District. In 2021, 190 high school children living on post attended James I O'Neill High School. In 2021 the agency at West Point announced that the bid to educate West Point High School students would be competitive, In March 2022 the O'Neill contract was renewed.

Guantanamo Bay Naval Station, Cuba

W.T. Sampson ES/HS

Coast Guard Air Station Borinquen, PR

Ramey Unit School

Fort Buchanan, PR

Antilles ES * Antilles MS * Antilles HS

DoDEA Americas' Southeast District

Fort Benning, GA

Dexter ES * Faith MS * McBride ES * Stowers ES * White ES

High school students attend local public high schools operated by county governments. The portion in Muscogee County is zoned to high schools of Muscogee County Schools. +more The portion in Chattahoochie County is zoned to Chattahoochee County Schools. Off-base families attend county school systems, with residents of Georgia attending those systems, and Alabama residents being in Lee County Schools and Russell County Schools.

Fort Campbell, KY

Barkley ES * Barsanti ES * Fort Campbell HS * Lucas ES * Mahaffey MS * Marshall ES

The high school first opened in 1962. The current high school building was dedicated in 2018. Of the students, the percentage who attend for all four years total at FCHS is 10.

There were plans for a new middle school, but in 2019 the funds were instead designated for a wall along the Mexico-United States border.

Fort Jackson, SC

The DoDEA schools on-post for Fort Jackson are Pierce Terrace Elementary School (Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 1) and C. C. +more Pinckney Elementary School (grades 2-6). Students are zoned to non-DoDEA schools for secondary school: Dent Middle School and Richland Northeast High School, which are operated by Richland County School District Two.

Fort Knox, KY

Fort Knox Middle High School * Scott Intermediate School * Van Voorhis ES * Kingsolver ES

Fort Rucker, AL

Ellis D. Parker Elementary School

Students beyond the elementary level may attend non-DoDEA schools for secondary levels, with an on-post family choosing one of the following three options: Daleville City School System, Enterprise City School System, or Ozark City Schools. Enterprise operates Enterprise High School and Ozark operates Carroll High School.

Fort Stewart, GA

Diamond ES * Kessler ES * Murray ES

Students at the secondary level on Fort Stewart attend public schools operated by county school districts. Liberty County School District operates the public schools in Liberty County.

Maxwell Air Force Base, AL

Maxwell AFB ES/MS Magnet

For high school residents are zoned to Montgomery Public Schools facilities: residents of the main base are zoned to George Washington Carver High School, while residents of the Gunner Annex are zoned to Robert E. +more Lee High School. Residents may attend magnet schools.

Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, SC

Bolden ES/MS * Elliott ES

Beaufort County School District operates public high schools serving MCAS Beaufort, and in sum has the highest number of students, of any school system, affiliated with MCAS Beaufort.

DoDEA Europe Region

Headquartered in Kapaun AS, Kaiserslautern, Germany, DoDEA Europe is organized into 3 districts (EU East, EU South, and EU West) and operates 65 schools within 27 U. S. +more military communities across Europe. As of May 2019, the DoDEA European region educates approximately 27,000 children of U. S. military and eligible DoD civilian personnel families.

DoDEA Europe East District

USAG Ansbach, Germany

Ansbach ES * Ansbach MS/HS

Baumholder Military Community, Germany (USAG Rheinland-Pfalz)

Baumholder MS/HS * Smith ES

Garmisch Military Community, Germany USAG Bavaria

Garmisch ES/MS

Grafenwohr/Vilseck Military Community, USAG Bavaria, Germany

Grafenwoehr ES * Netzaberg ES * Netzaberg MS * Vilseck ES * Vilseck HS

Hohenfels Military Community, Germany USAG Bavaria, Germany

Hohenfels ES * Hohenfels HS

Kaiserslautern Military Community (KMC), Germany

Kaiserslautern ES * Kaiserslautern MS *Kaiserslautern HS * Landstuhl ES/MS * Sembach ES * Sembach MS * Vogelweh ES

Ramstein AB, Germany (Part of KMC)

Ramstein ES *Ramstein HS * Ramstein IS * Ramstein MS

USAG Stuttgart, Germany

Patch ES * Patch MS * Robinson Barracks ES * Stuttgart ES * Stuttgart HS

USAG Wiesbaden, Germany

Aukamm ES *Wiesbaden HS * Wiesbaden MS * Hainerberg ES

DoDEA Europe South District

Ankara American Community, Turkey

Ankara ES/MS/HS

Aviano AB, Italy

Aviano ES * Aviano MS/HS

Naval Support Activity Bahrain

Bahrain ES/HS

Camp Darby Military Community, USAG Italy

Livorno ES/MS

Naval Support Activity Naples, Italy

Naples ES * Naples MS/HS

Naval Air Station Rota, Spain

Rota ES * Rota MS/HS

Moron AB, Seville, Spain

Sevilla ES/MS

Sigonella Air Station, Sicily (IT)

Sigonella ES * Sigonella MS/HS

Vicenza Military Community, USAG Italy

Vicenza ES * Vicenza MS * Vicenza HS

DoDEA Europe West District

Schinnen Military Community, USAG Benelux, Brunssum, The Netherlands


RAF Alconbury, United Kingdom

Alconbury ES *Alconbury MS/HS

Brussels Military Community, USAG Benelux, Belgium

Brussels ES/HS

RAF Croughton, United Kingdom

Croughton ES

Kleine Brogel Air Base, USAG Benelux Belgium

Kleine Brogel ES

RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom

Feltwell ES * Lakenheath ES * Lakenheath HS * Liberty IS

SHAPE Military Community, US Army Garrison Benelux, Mons, Belgium


Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany

Spangdahlem ES * Spangdahlem MS * Spangdahlem HS

DoDEA Pacific Region

Headquartered in Yokota AB, Japan, the DoDEA Pacific region is organized into 3 districts (Pacific East, Pacific South, and Pacific West) and operates 47 schools on 21 U. S. +more military installations in Guam, Japan, Okinawa and South Korea. As of May 2019, the DoDEA Pacific Region educates over 22,000 children of U. S. military and eligible DoD civilian personnel families.

Pacific East District

Camp Zama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Arnn American ES * Zama American MS/HS

Commander Fleet Activities Sasebo

Darby ES * E.J. King MS/HS * Sasebo ES

Commander Fleet Activities Yokosuka

Ikego ES * Kinnick HS * Sullivans ES * Yokosuka MS

Marine Corp Air Station Iwakuni

Iwakuni ES * Iwakuni MS * M.C. Perry ES * M.B. Perry HS

Misawa Air Base

Edgren HS * Sollars ES

NAF Atsugi

Lanham ES

Yokota Air Base

Mendel ES * Yokota MS * Yokota HS * Yokota West ES

Pacific South District

Andersen AFB (Guam)

Andersen ES * Andersen MS

Camp Foster, Okinawa

Killin ES * Kubasaki HS * Zukeran ES

Camp Kinser, Okinawa

Kinser ES

Camp Lester, Okinawa

Lester MS

Camp McTureous, Okinawa

Bechtel ES

Kadena Airforce Base, Okinawa

Amelia Earhart IS * Bob Hope PS * Kadena ES * Kadena HS * Kadena MS * Ryukyu MS * Stearley Heights ES

Naval Base Guam

McCool ES/MS

U.S. Naval Hospital (Guam)

Guam HS

Pacific West District

Osan Air Base

Osan American ES * Osan American MS/HS

Osan American Middle High School formed in 2017 with the consolidation of the middle and high schools. In September 2017 it had 320 students.

US Army Garrison Daegu - Camp George

Daegu American ES

US Army Garrison Daegu - Camp Walker

Daegu MS/HS

Daegu Middle High School formed in 2017 with the consolidation of the middle and high schools. In September 2017 it had 299 students.

US Army Garrison Humphreys

Humphreys Central ES * Humphreys West ES * Humphreys MS * Humphreys HS

Former schools

; Iceland * AT Mahan High School (Keflavik) * AT Mahan Elementary School (Keflavik)

Panama * Balboa HS * Curundu ES ** On Fort Clayton, it operated from 1968 to 1999. * Curundu MS * Fort Clayton ES * Fort Kobbe ES * Howard ES

Philippines * Wagner High School (Clark Air Base)

United Kingdom * London Central Elementary High School (formerly London Central High School) * West Ruislip Elementary School

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