Hachiōji (八王子市) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. , the city had an estimated population of 561,344, and a population density of 3000 persons per km2. +more The total area of the city is 186 sqkm.

...
Join Group About Hachiōji
1.725 Members
764 Posts
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Geography

Hachiōji is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo, about 40 kilometers west of the center of the 23 special wards of Tokyo. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. +more The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis *Machida *Tama *Fussa *Hino *Akishima *Akiruno *Hinohara Kanagawa Prefecture *Sagamihara

Climate

Hachiōji has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hachiōji is 13. +more9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1998 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25. 3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2. 4 °C.

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, the population of Hachiōji has increased steadily for over a century.

History

The area of present-day Hachiōji was part of ancient Musashi Province. It has been an important junction point and post town along the Kōshū Kaidō, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with western Japan. +more Hachiōji Castle was built during the Sengoku period in 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru, but was destroyed in 1590 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. During the Edo period, the area was tenryō controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The town of Hachiōji was created on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Minaitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Hachiōji gained city status on September 1, 1917.

During the 1964 Summer Olympics, the city played host to the road cycling events. A velodrome in the city played host to the track cycling events.

Hachiōji became a Core city on April 1, 2015 with increased local autonomy.

Government

Hachiōji has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 40 members, whose members are elected for a four-year term. Hachiōji contributes five members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. +more In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Tokyo 21st district and Tokyo 24th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Mayors of Hachiōji (1917-present)

NameTerm of Office
Took OfficeLeft Office
1Eikichi Shibata {柴田榮吉}14 December 191713 December 1921
2Teihei Hirabayashi {平林定兵衛}16 February 192225 February 1925
3Bungo Muto {武藤文吾}26 May 192525 May 1929
4Fumitaro Akiyama {秋山文太郎}8 July 19294 November 1929
5Kunisaburo Kidokoro {城所國三郎}11 December 192910 December 1933

NameTerm of Office
Took OfficeLeft Office
6Tatsuyoshi Mokudai {杢代龍喜}16 January 193415 January 1938
7-9Genpei Sekiya {関谷源兵衛}22 January 193831 August 1942
10Tomohiko Fukazawa {深沢友彦}1 September 194212 September 1945
11-14Kichinosuke Kobayashi {小林吉之助}29 September 19456 February 1957
15Gizo Noguchi {野口義造}25 February 195723 December 1961

NameTerm of Office
Took OfficeLeft Office
16-18Enji Uetake {植竹圓次}24 February 196123 February 1973
19-22Soichi Goto {後藤聰一}24 February 197326 December 1983
22-25Shigeo Hatano {波多野重雄}30 January 198428 January 2000
26-28Ryuichi Kurosu {黒須隆一}29 January 200028 January 2012
29-30Takashi Ishimori {石森孝志}29 January 2012Incumbent

Economy

During the Meiji period, Hachiōji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. +more Today, Hachiōji mainly serves as a commuter town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.

Education

Colleges and universities

Chuo University (Tama Campus) *Digital Hollywood University *Kogakuin University (Hachioji Campus) *Kyorin University (Hachioji Campus) *Meisei University (Hino Campus) *Nihon Bunka University *Soka University *Tama Art University (Hachioji Campus) *Takushoku University (Hachioji Campus) *Teikyo University (Hachioji Campus) *Tokyo Junshin University *Tokyo Kasei-Gakuin University (Machida Campus) *Tokyo Metropolitan University (Minamiōsawa Campus) *Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology *Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences *Tokyo University of Technology (Hachiōji Campus) *Tokyo Zokei University *Nippon Engineering College

Primary and secondary education

Hachiōji has 70 public elementary schools and 37 public middle schools operated by the city government, as well as four public combined elementary/middle schools. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates nine public high schools, and there are also eleven private high schools.

The metropolis also operates the Hachioji School for the Blind.

Transportation

Railways

JR East - Chūō Main Line * - - JR East - Yokohama Line * - - JR East - Hachikō Line * - - Keio Corporation - Keiō Line * - - Keio Corporation - Keiō Takao Line * - - - - - - Keio Corporation - Sagamihara Line * - Tokyo Tama Intercity Monorail - Tama Toshi Monorail Line * - - *Takaotozan Railway

Highways

Sister city relations

Kaohsiung, Taiwan - friendship city since November 1, 2006 * Siheung, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea - friendship city since November 7, 2006 * Tai'an, Shandong, People's Republic of China - friendship city since September 23, 2006

Local attractions

Hachioji stretches over a large area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west.

*Mt. Takao (599 m) is a popular hiking destination in the southwest, easily accessible through the Keiō Takao Line. +more It is famous for the Shingon Buddhist temple (高尾山薬王院有喜寺). *Mt. Jinba (855 m) is more difficult to reach, requiring a one-hour bus ride from the city center. It is popular, however, because of the scenic view toward Mt. Fuji. *Tama Forest Science Garden *Tokyo Fuji Art Museum *Kamiyugi Park Baseball Field *Kamiyugi Park Athletic Stadium *Musashi Imperial Graveyard houses the remains of the Taishō and Shōwa emperors. *Takiyama Castle, A castle ruin in the Sengoku period, one of the Continued Top 100 Japanese Castles. *Hachiōji Castle, A castle ruin in the Sengoku period, one of the Japan's Top 100 Castles.

File:Sign of Summit of Mt. Takao taken in May 2009. +morejpg|Mt. Takao File:Mausoleum of Emperor Showa 2012. png|Shōwa emperor's grave File:Imperial Mausoleum-TaishōEmperor. JPG|Taishō emperor's grave File:Bridge of Takiyama Castle. jpg|Reconstructed bridge of Takiyama Castle File:Hachioji Castle Gosyuden entrance. JPG|Stone wall and gate of Hachiōji Castle.