Higashimurayama (東村山市) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. , the city had an estimated population of 148,275, and a population density of 8700 persons per km2. +more The total area of the city is 17 sqkm.

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Geography

Higashimurayama is located on the eastern edge of the Sayama Hills, almost in the center of the Musashino Terrace. Most of the city area is flat, except for the northwestern hills.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis *Higashikurume *Kiyose *Higashiyamato *Kodaira Saitama Prefecture *Tokorozawa

Climate

Higashimurayama has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Higashimurayama is 14. +more0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25. 7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2. 3 °C.

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, the population of Higashimurayama increased rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s.

History

The area of present-day Higashimurayama has been inhabited since Japanese Paleolithic times, and numerous remains from the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun periods have been discovered. During the Nara period, it became part of ancient Musashi Province. +more During the Kamakura period, it was the location of the Battle of Kumegawa in 1333.

In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, several villages merged to form Higashimurayama Village in Nishitama District, at that time part of Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893. +more On April 1, 1942, Higashimurayama Village became the town of Higashimurayama. On April 1, 1964, Higashimurayama was elevated to city status.

Government

Higashimurayama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 25 members. Higashimurayama, collectively with Higashiyamato and Musashimurayama, contributes three members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. +more In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 20th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Higashimurayama was formerly an agricultural area, and was noted for its production of sweet potatoes. It is now primary a regional commercial center, and a bedroom community for central Tokyo.

Transportation

Railway

JR East - Musashino Line * Seibu Railway - Seibu Shinjuku Line * - Seibu Railway - Seibu Haijima Line * Seibu Railway - Seibu Kokubunji Line * Seibu Railway - Seibu Tamako Line * - - - Seibu Railway - Seibu Ikebukuro Line * Seibu Railway - Seibu Seibu-en Line * - Seibu Railway - Seibu Yamaguchi Line

Highways

Higashimurayama is not served by any national highways or expressways.

Education

Higashimurayama has 15 public elementary schools and seven public middle schools operated by the city government, and three private combined middle/high schools. The city also has two public high schools operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education.

Local attractions

The oldest intact building in Tokyo and one of only two buildings in Tokyo registered as a National Treasure of Japan; the Jizō hall in the temple of Shōfuku-ji. * Hachikokuyama, a park that is an inspiration for My Neighbor Totoro. +more * National Hansen's Disease Museum of Japan * Site of the 14th century Battle of Kumegawa * A segment of the ancient Kamakura Kaido highway.

Sister cities

Higashimurayama is twinned with the following cities:

CityRegionCountryYear
Kashiwazaki1996
Independence1978
SuzhouJiangsu2005

Notable people from Higashimurayama

Seiichiro Shimizu, Politician *Ken Shimura, Comedian *Shoko Aida, Singer *Miki Nakatani, Actress *Shōji Satō, Professional Badminton Player *Karen Miyama, Actress