Kawaguchi (川口市) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. , the city had an estimated population of 607,373 in 293,582 households and a population density of 9800 persons per km². +more The total area of the city is 62 sqkm. It is the Greater Tokyo Area's 8th most populated city (after passing Hachioji), and second largest in Saitama Prefecture.

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Geography

Kawaguchi is located near the center of the Kantō Plain in southern Saitama Prefecture, and is bordered by the Tokyo wards of Kita-ku and Adachi-ku to the south. The city area is mostly flat and mainly residential except for the Omiya tableland, which occupies part of the north and east area. +more The Arakawa River runs across the border with Kita-ku to the south.

Climate

Kawaguchi has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kawaguchi is 14. +more8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1482 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26. 6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3. 2 °C.

Demographics

As of May 1, 2010, registered population was 516,409, including 20,808 alien residents, continuing a trend of population growth in the city since 1933 when the city was founded. There has been a gradual increase in the number of non-Japanese residents living in the city because of the convenient location to Tokyo and relatively low rent. +more Now, the number of people from China is the largest, followed by Korea and Philippines.

Kawaguchi is a typical suburb city of Tokyo metropolitan area, where population greatly changes between daytime and nighttime due to commute to big cities, especially to Tokyo. In mid 1990s, population growth rate declined, but recent apartment construction boom in the city helps increase population growth rate again. +more The number of children continues to decrease in accordance with the decline of number of birth: 4,735 in 2009 down from the highest number of 7,932 in 1971. By contrast, the rate of people over the age of 65 is increasing, approximately 18. 5% as of January 1, 2010. Yet the number is below the national average.

History

After the last ice age, during early and middle Jōmon period, most of the area which is now Kawaguchi was under sea level except for the area which is now Omiya Tableland. Ancient peoples living in this area left several shell middens, in which shells, Jōmon pottery, and pit houses have been discovered by archaeologists. +more Many Kofun period barrows were also found in Kawaguchi, however many have also been destroyed by urban development. From the Heian period onwards, Kawaguchi was part of Musashi Province. The name "Kawaguchi" appears in the Kamakura period chronicle Gikeiki, but it is not proven that this name designated current area of Kawaguchi.

During the Edo period, Kawaguchi-juku developed as a post station on the Nikkō Onari Kaidō, a highway used by the Tokugawa shōgun and daimyō to visit Nikkō Tōshō-gū. Towards the Bakumatsu period and into the Meiji period, the demand for metal products increased. +more Because of proximity to Tokyo and convenient water transportation using Arakawa River, Kawaguchi became the center of metal casting industry, for which it has remained famous until modern times.

The town of Kawaguchi was established within Kitaadachi District, Saitama on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Kawaguchi was elevated to city status on April 1, 1933 by the merger of Kawaguchi with the neighboring villages of Aoki, Minami-Hirayanagi and Yokozone. +more The city expanded by annexing the town of Hatogaya and villages of Shiba, Kamine and Shingō in 1940. However, Hatogaya separated from Kawaguchi in 1948 in accordance with the results of a referendum.

Kawaguchi has experienced many disasters, including flood, earthquake and war. The Arakawa River has inundated Kawaguchi countless times and ruined agriculture, which resulted in famines. +more Also, the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake damaged buildings in Kawaguchi, killing 99 people.

Currently, the population of Kawaguchi continues to increase, and many tall apartment buildings are being built around train stations. This is because many casting foundries moved to suburban industrial parks and the former sites were turned into residential areas.

On April 1, 2001, Kawaguchi was designated a special city, with increased local autonomy.

On October 11, 2011, Kawaguchi re-absorbed the city of Hatogaya.

Government

Kawaguchi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 42 members. Kawaguchi contributes seven members to the Saitama Prefectural Assembly. +more In terms of national politics, the city is divided between Saitama 2nd district and Saitama 15th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Education

Universities and colleges

Saitama Gakuen University * Kawaguchi Junior College * Kawaguchi Art School of Waseda University

High schools

Saitama Prefectural Kawaguchi High School *Saitama Prefectural Kawaguchi Kita High School *Saitama Prefectural Kawaguchi Technical High School *Saitama Prefectural Kawaguchi Seiryo High School *Saitama Prefectural Kawaguchi Higashi High School *Saitama Prefectural Hatogaya High School *Kawaguchi Municipal High School

Middle schools

(all managed by the city)

*Angyo Middle School *Angyo-higashi Middle School *Aoki Middle School *Haimatsu Middle School *Higashi Middle School *Kamiaoki Middle School *Kamine Middle School *Kishikawa Middle School *Kita Middle School *Koyaba Middle School *Minami Middle School *Motogo Middle School *Nakacho Middle School *Nishi Middle School *Ryoke Middle School *Sachinami Middle School *Shiba Middle School *Shiba-higashi Middle School *Shiba-nishi Middle School *Shibazono Middle School *Shiwasuda Middle School *Tozuka Middle School *Tozuka-nishi Middle School *Zaike Middle School *Hatogaya Middle School *Sato Middle School *Hachimangi Middle School

Elementary schools

(all managed by the city)

*Angyo Elementary School *Angyo-higashi Elementary School *Aoki-kita Elementary School *Aoki-chuo Elementary School *Asahi-higashi Elementary School *Asahi-nishi Elementary School *Funato Elementary School *Haramachi Elementary School *Higashihongo Elementary School *Higashiryoke Elementary School *Honcho Elementary School *Iinaka Elementary School *Iizuka Elementary School *Jirin Elementary School *Kamiaoki Elementary School *Kamiaoki-minami Elementary School *Kamine Elementary School *Kamine-higashi Elementary School *Kizoro Elementary School *Nakacho Elementary School *Namiki Elementary School *Negishi Elementary School *Hatogaya Elementary School *Sato Elementary School *Sakuramachi Elementary School *Tuji Elementary School *Nakai Elementary School *Minamihatogaya Elementary School *Ryoke Elementary School *Saiwaicho Elementary School *Sashima Elementary School *Shiba Elementary School *Shiba-chuo Elementary School *Shiba-fuji Elementary School *Shiba-higashi Elementary School *Shiba-hinotume Elementary School *Shiba-minami Elementary School *Shiba-nishi Elementary School *Shingo Elementary School *Shingo-higashi Elementary School *Shingo-minami Elementary School *Shiwasuda Elementary School *Tozuka Elementary School *Tozuka-ayase Elementary School *Tozuka-higashi Elementary School *Tozuka-kita Elementary School *Tozuka-minami Elementary School *Yanagisaki Elementary School *Zaike Elementary School

Special schools

Saitama Prefectural Kawaguchi Special Needs School *Saitama Korean Kindergarten (埼玉朝鮮幼稚園) - North Korean school -- (Abolished at March 31, 2014 )

Transportation

Railway

JR East - Keihin-Tohoku line * - JR East - Musashino line * Saitama Rapid Railway Line * - - - - -

Buses

Kawaguchi has a highly developed bus network, mainly operated by Kokusai Kogyo Bus. The east region of the city is relatively far from train stations, many people use buses to the nearest train stations. +more Some bus routes have over twenty bus services an hour in the morning.

Bus operators

Kokusai Kogyo Bus * Tobu Bus Central

Highway

- Kawaguchi Junction * - Kawaguchi-Nishi Interchange, Kawaguchi-Chūō Interchange, Kawaguchi Junction, Kawaguchi-Higashi Interchange * Kawaguchi Route - Kawaguchi Junction, Araijuku, Angyō, Shingo, Higashi Ryoke

Local attractions

Kawaguchi Green Center * Kawaguchi Shrine * Former Tanaka Family Residence

Noted people from Kawaguchi

Yoshitaka Shindō, politician *Yukio Tomioka, politician *Yukio Ninagawa, stage director *Kumiko Ohba, actress *Hiroyuki Endo, retired badminton player