List of military aircraft of Japan

Technology
12 hours ago
8
4
2
Avatar
Author
Albert Flores

This list of military aircraft of Japan includes project, prototype, pre-production and operational types regardless of era. This includes both domestically developed Japanese designs, licensed variants of foreign designs, and foreign-produced aircraft that served in the military of Japan.

Japanese names are used here, not World War II Allied codenames. The prefix "Ki" in this list is an abbreviation of "Kitai", meaning "airframe", and was used only by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force. +more "Ki" should be read as one word. For clarification on other designations, particularly those used by the Navy, see Japanese military aircraft designation systems. (Note: " - " indicates information is unknown or not applicable. ).

Post-1945

TypeOriginRoleAdoptedStatusTotalNotes
Aeronca L-16USutility1952retired 195320
AgustaWestland MCH-101Italy/UKmulti-role200714minesweeper/transport, replacing MH-53E
Beech King Air C90USreconnaissance1974retired 20101photo survey
Beech King Air LC-90USutility19745liaison
Beechcraft 18 BenibatoUStrainer1957retired 196535
Beechcraft TC-90USmulti-engine trainer197434trainer
Beechcraft LR-2USutility19986liaison
Beechcraft Queen AirUmibatoUSnavigation trainer1963retired 200028liaison
Beechjet T-400UScrew trainer199413
Bell AH-1S CobraUSattack helicopter197988
Bell H-13/47USutility1953retired 1998127helicopter
Bell UH-1B/H HiyodoriUSutility1962223helicopter
Boeing AH-64DUSattack helicopter200712
Boeing 747-47CUStransport1992retired 20192VIP transport
Boeing E-767USAEW19994 in use4
Boeing KC-767JUStransport20114 in use4In-flight refueling
Boeing CH-47J/CH-47JAUStransport198832helicopter license-built by Kawasaki
British Aerospace U-125UKutility199227also search & rescue
Cessna U206G StationairUSutility1977retired 19971
Cessna L-19 Bird Dog SoyokazeUSreconnaissance1954retired 199412922 built by Fuji
Curtiss C-46 CommandoUStransport1954retired 197848
Douglas R4D Dakota ManazuruUStransport1958retired 19724
Eurocopter TH-135Multinationaltrainer200915helicopter
Fuji LM-1 NikkoJapantrainer1955retired 1983134also liaison, T-34 Mentor development
Fuji LM-2/KM-2/TL-1Japantrainer1962retired 199866also liaison
Fuji T-1 HatsutakaJapanadvanced trainer1960retired 200664
Fuji T-3 (KM-2B)Japantrainer1978retired 200750
Fuji T-5 (KM-2D)Japantrainer198836
Fuji T-7 (KM-2F)Japantrainer200249
Fuji TACOMJapanUAV1995retired 20116
Fuji UH-1JJapanutility1994100-(120)helicopter, UH-1H development
Grumman Albatross HariganeUSmulti-role1961retired 19766amphibian, one converted for research as UF-XS
Grumman GooseUSutility1955retired 19614amphibian
Grumman E-2CUSAEW198351
Grumman S2F-1 AotakaUSmaritime patrol1957retired 198660
Grumman TBM-3 AvengerUSmulti-role1954retired 196120
Gulfstream U-4UStransport19975
Hughes OH-6 CayuseUSreconnaissance1969332helicopter
Hughes TH-55JUStrainer1971retired 199538helicopter
Kawasaki C-1Japantransport197531
Kawasaki C-2Japantransport20167replacing C-1 and C-130H
Kawasaki KH-4Japanutility196519helicopter, Bell 47G variant.
Kawasaki-Vertol KV-107IIJapantransport1966retired 2009120helicopter
Kawasaki KAL-2Japanliaison1954retired 19642prototypes
Kawasaki OH-1 NinjaJapanreconnaissance200031helicopter (Kongata Kansoko)
Kawasaki P-1Japanmaritime patrol2013in use
Kawasaki P-2J OwashiJapanmaritime patrol1966retired 199882P2V Neptune development
Kawasaki P2V-7 VSAJapanresearch1977retired 19821Variable Stability Aircraft research
Kawasaki T-4Japantrainer1988208
Learjet U-36AUStrainer19856combat support Learjet 35A
Lockheed C-130HUStransport198316used by JMSDF and JASDF
Lockheed Martin C-130RUStransport2014-20166ex-USAF KC-130R aerial tanker (sold as C-130R without refueling system) with regeneration from 2012 to 2016. +more Assigned to JMSDF.
Lockheed Martin F-35AUSmulti-role201823105 total ordered. 38 being built by Mitsubishi.
Lockheed Martin F-35BUSmulti-role2025 (expected)42 total ordered
Lockheed F-104J EikoUSfighter1966retired 1986210imports/kits/license production
Lockheed F-104DJ EikoUStrainer1966retired 198620Lockheed kits
Lockheed P2V-7 OwashiUSmaritime patrol1959retired 198164
Lockheed P-3CUSmaritime patrol1981110
Lockheed PV-2 HarpoonUSmaritime patrol1955retired 196017
Lockheed T-33 WakatakaUStrainer1954retired 2000287
MBB/Kawasaki BK 117Japanutility19852helicopter, flight test assistance
McDonnell Douglas F-4EJUSfighter1971retired 1995140138 built by Mitsubishi, updated to Kai in 1995
McDonnell Douglas RF-4EUSreconnaissance197410
Mitsubishi X-2 ShinshinJapanresearch20161stealth technology testbed
Mitsubishi F-4EJ KaiJapanfighter1989retired 202096Js updated to Kai in 1995
Mitsubishi RF-4EJUS/Japanreconnaissance1990retired 202014replaced lost RF-4Es
Mitsubishi F-1Japanfighter1977retired 200677
Mitsubishi F-2Japanfighter200098F-16 development, replacing F-1
Mitsubishi F-15JJapanfighter198122312 built by MDD, the rest by Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi F-15DJJapantrainer198148
Mitsubishi F-XJapanfighter2035 (planned)Planned sixth-generation stealth fighter developed from X-2 Shinshin and i3 fighter concept
Mitsubishi MU-2/LR-1Japanutility1967retired 200853also SAR and photo-reconnaissance
Mitsubishi RP-1Japanresearch19941helicopter
Mitsubishi SH-60JJapanASW199170helicopter
Mitsubishi SH-60KJapanASW2005(50)helicopter, replacing SH-60J
Mitsubishi T-2/T-2AJapanadvanced trainer1975retired 200696
Mitsubishi T-2 CCVJapanresearch1984retired 19981Control Configured Vehicle
NAMC YS-11Japantransport196523
North American F-86D GekkoUSfighter1958retired 1968122imported
North American F-86F KyokkoUSfighter1955retired 1982435imports/kits/license production
North American RF-86FUSreconnaissance1961retired 197918
North American T-6/SNJ Texan MatsukazeUStrainer1954retired 1970232
North American T-28B TrojanUStrainer1956retired 19631
Piper L-21B/PA-18 Super CubUSreconnaissance1953retired 196562
SAAB X1GSwedenutility1957retired 19871STOL research, flight test assistance
ShinMaywa PS-1Japanmaritime patrol1971retired 198921flying boat
ShinMaywa UF-XSJapanresearch1963retired 19671
ShinMaywa US-1/US-1AJapanSAR197519flying boat
ShinMaywa US-2JapanSAR2007in use3-(14)flying boat
Sikorsky S-55USutility1953retired 197665helicopter
Sikorsky S-61 ChidoriUSmulti-role1963retired 2008185ASW, utility and SAR helicopter
Sikorsky S-62J RaichoUSSAR1963retired 198819helicopter
Sikorsky MH-53EUSminesweeper198911helicopter
Sikorsky UH-60J/JAUSmulti-role199047helicopter
Stinson L-5 SentinelUSreconnaissance1953retired 195835
Vertol H-21 HouoUSmulti-role1959retired 197112helicopter
.

Pre-1945

%TypeTotalDateServiceClassRoleNotes
Aichi B7A Ryusei1141942Navysingle-enginecarrier torpedo bomber
Aichi D1A5901934Navybiplanecarrier dive bomber
Aichi D3A14861938Navymonoplanecarrier dive bomber
Aichi E3A121930Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Aichi E11A171937Navyflying boatnight reconnaissance
Aichi E12A21938Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Aichi E13A14181940Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Aichi E16A Zuiun2561942Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Aichi H9A311940Navyflying boatflying boat trainer
Aichi Type 15-Ko Mi-go4+1925Navyfloatplanereconnaissance
Aichi M6A Seiran281943Navyfloatplanesubmarine attack bomber
Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan21945Navylandplanebomber trainer
Aichi Navy Type 221928Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Aichi S1A2n/aNavytwin-enginenight fighterprototypes destroyed unflown
Army model 2 ground-taxiing trainer97+1919Armymonoplaneprimary trainerconverted Nieuport 81
Army Type Mo-4841915Armybiplanetrainer
+more11'>Army Type Mo-5111919Armybiplanetrainer1st Japanese purpose-built trainer
Avro 504K/L/S3101921Navybiplanetrainer
Bréguet 193+1925Navysesquiplanereconnaissance
Canadian Car & Foundry AXG111938Navybiplanefighter
Curtiss-Wright LXC11-31936Navyamphibiantransport
Dewoitine D. 510J21935Navymonoplanefighter
Douglas DC-221936Armytwin-enginetransport1 built by Nakajima
Douglas HXD11936Navyflying boattransport
Fairchild LXF111936Navyflying boattransport
Army Type Mo301913Armybiplanereconnaissance
Army Type Mo-4841915Armybiplanereconnaissance
Army Type Mo-61341917Armybiplanereconnaissance
Felixstowe F. 560 ca. 1921Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissance
Fiat I-Type (BR. 20)851938Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Gasuden KR-21+1934NavybiplanetransportDH Fox Moth development
Gloster Sparrowhawk901931Navybiplanefighter
Hansa-Brandenburg W. 333101922Navyfloatplanemaritime reconnaissance
Heinkel HD 23/Aichi Type H41926Navybiplanecarrier fighter
Heinkel A7He1121938Navymonoplanefighter
Hiro G2H81933Navytwin-engineattack bomber
Hiro H1H651925Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissance
Hiro H2H171932Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissance
Hiro H3H11931Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissance
Hiro H4H471933Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissance
Kayaba Ka-1/Ka-2 Ka-Go981941Armyautogyromaritime reconnaissancealso used for liaison
Kawanishi E7K5331933Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Kawanishi E10K11934Navyflying boattransport
Kawanishi E11K21937Navyflying boattransport
Kawanishi E13K21938Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Kawanishi E15K Shiun151941Navyfloatplanehigh speed reconnaissance
Kawanishi H6K2171936Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissancealso built as transport
Kawanishi H8K1311941Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissancealso built as transport
Kawanishi K6K31938Navybiplaneseaplane trainer
Kawanishi K8K151938Navybiplaneseaplane trainer
Kawanishi K-1121927Navybiplanecarrier fighter
Kawanishi N1K1 Kyofu971942Navyfloatplanefighter
Kawanishi N1K1-J/N1K2-J Shiden10061943NavylandplaneinterceptorN1K landplane derivative
Kawasaki Army Otsu 1600+1919ArmybiplanereconnaissanceSalmson 2 A. 2
Kawasaki Army Type 8811171927Armybiplanereconnaissance
Kawasaki Army Type 923851929Armybiplanefighter
Kawasaki Ki-32431933Armybiplanelight bomber
Kawasaki Ki-541934Armymonoplanefighter
Kawasaki Ki-105881935Armybiplanefighter
Kawasaki Ki-2821936Armymonoplanefighter
Kawasaki Ki-328541937Armymonoplanelight bomber
Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu17011939Armytwin-enginefighter
Kawasaki Ki-4816771939Armytwin-enginelight bomber
Kawasaki Ki-561211940Armytwin-enginetransportLockheed 14
Kawasaki Ki-6031940Armymonoplanefighterinline engine
Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien30781941Armymonoplanefighterinline engine
Kawasaki Ki-6411943Armytandem-enginefighter
Kawasaki Ki-6661942Armytwin-enginedive bomber
Kawasaki Ki-78 Kensan III11942Armysingle engine monoplaneHigh speed research
Kawasaki Ki-880n/aArmymid-enginefightercancelled
Kawasaki Ki-9101945Armyfour-engineheavy bomberprototype destroyed in raid
Kawasaki Ki-9631943Armytwin-enginefighter
Kawasaki Ki-1001211945ArmymonoplanefighterKi-61 with radial engine
Kawasaki Ki-1022381944Armytwin-engineheavy fighterheavy/night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-10841944Armytwin-enginehigh-altitude fighterKi-102 derivative
Kawasaki Ki-1190n/aArmysingle-enginebomberprototype not completed
Kokusai Ki-59591939Armytwin-enginetransport
Kokusai Ki-761+1941Armysingle-enginecommand liaison
Kokusai Ki-8610371944Armybiplaneprimary trainerlicense-built Bücker Bü 131
Kokusai Ki-105 Ohtori91945Armytwin-enginetransportpowered Ku-7
Kokusai Ku-7 Manazuru21945Armyglidertransport
Kokusai Ku-8700 ca. 1941Armyglidertransportunpowered Ki-59
Koshiki-2 Experimental Fighter21922Armybiplanefighterfirst Japanese-designed fighter
Kyushu J7W Shinden11945Navycanardinterceptor
Kyushu K9W1 Momiji3391942Navybiplaneprimary trainerlicense-built Bücker Bü 131
Kyushu K10W11761943Navymonoplaneintermediate trainer
Kyushu K11W Shiragiku7981942Navymonoplaneoperations trainer
Kyushu Q1W Tokai1531943Navytwin-enginemaritime reconnaissance
Mansyu Ki-7913291936Armymonoplaneadvanced trainerbased on Ki-27
Mansyu Ki-980n/aArmypusherlight bomberprototype destroyed to avoid capture
Mitsubishi 1MF1381921Navybiplanecarrier fighter
Mitsubishi 1MT201922Navytriplanecarrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi 2MR8 Type 921301932Armyparasol monoplanereconnaissance
Mitsubishi A5M10941935Navymonoplanecarrier fighter
Mitsubishi A6M Reisen109391939Navymonoplanecarrier fighter517 built as trainers
Mitsubishi A7M Reppu81944Navymonoplanecarrier fighter
Mitsubishi B1M4431923Navybiplanecarrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B2M2061932Navybiplanecarrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B5M2701936Navymonoplaneattack bomber
Mitsubishi C1M1591932Navybiplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Mitsubishi F1M11181936Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Mitsubishi G3M/L3Y10481934Navytwin-engineattack bombertransport variant built as L3Y
Mitsubishi G4M24351939Navytwin-engineattack bomber
Mitsubishi G6M301940Navytwin-engineattack bombersome built as transports
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden6211942Navymonoplaneinterceptor
Mitsubishi J8M Shusui51945Navyrocketinterceptor
Mitsubishi K3M/Ki-76251930Navymonoplanecrew trainersome built as transports
Mitsubishi 己 1 (Ki 1)/Hanriot HD-14146+1924Armybiplaneprimary trainerbuilt by Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi Ki-12191933Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-21871933Armytwin-enginelight bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M500 ca. 1936Armysingle-enginereconnaissance
Mitsubishi Ki-2061931Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-2120641936Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-306861937Armysingle-enginelight bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-4617421939Armytwin-enginereconnaissance
Mitsubishi Ki-5114721939Armysingle-engineassault bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-57/L4M/MC-204061939Army/Navytwin-enginetransport
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu6061942Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-8341944Armytwin-engineescort fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-109221944Armytwin-engineinterceptorexperimental
Mitsubishi Ki-200 Shusui51945Armyrocketinterceptorexperimental
Mitsubishi Ko-1571915Armysesquiplanetrainerlicense-built Nieuport 81
Nakajima A1N1511927Navybiplanecarrier fighter
Nakajima A2N1661929Navybiplanecarrier fighter
Nakajima A4N2211935Navybiplanecarrier fighter
Nakajima A6M2-N3271942Navyfloatplanefighter
Nakajima Army Type 914501927Armymonoplanefighter
Nakajima B5N1150 ca. 1937Navymonoplanecarrier torpedo bomber
Nakajima B-62+1919ArmybiplanebomberBreguet 14
Nakajima B6N Tenzan12681941Navysingle-enginecarrier torpedo bomber
Nakajima C3N21936Navysingle-engineshipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima C6N Saiun4631943Navysingle-engineshipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E2N801929Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E4N1711930Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E8N7531934Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E12N21938Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima G5N Shinzan61941Navyfour-engineheavy bomber4 built as transports
Nakajima G8N Renzan41944Navyfour-engineheavy bomber
Nakajima J1N Gekko4291941Navytwin-enginenight fighter
Nakajima J5N Tenrai61944Navytwin-engineinterceptorexperimental
Nakajima Kikka21945Navyjetinterceptor
Nakajima Ki-45181934Armybiplanedirect co-operation
Nakajima Ki-6/C2Nunk1930Army/Navysingle-enginetransport/trainer
Nakajima Ki-1941937Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Nakajima Ki-2733681936Armymonoplanefighter
Nakajima Ki-34/L1N3181936Army/Navytwin-enginetransport
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa59191939Armymonoplanefighter
Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki12251940Armymonoplanefighter
Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu7631939Armytwin-engineheavy bomber
Nakajima Ki-5831940Armytwin-engineescort fighterKi-49 variant
Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate35141943Armymonoplanefighter
Nakajima Ki-8711945Armymonoplanehigh-altitude fighter
Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi1051945Armysingle-engineattack bomberKamikaze
Nakajima Ko-2401914Armysesquiplanetrainerlicense-built Nieuport 83
Nakajima Ko-31021917Armysesquiplanefighteralso used as a trainer
Nakajima Ko-46081918Armybiplanefighter
Nakajima LXD-111939Navyfour-enginetransportDouglas DC-4E
Nakajima Type 51011919Armybiplanetrainer
Nieuport NG & NM (IV. G & IV. M)21913Armymonoplanereconnaissance
Nihon L7P11942Navyamphibiantransport
Nippi K8Ni121938Navyfloatplaneprimary trainer
Rikugun Ki-9311945Armytwin-enginefighter
Seversky A8V201938Navymonoplanereconnaissance
Nakajima/Showa L2D4871939Navytwin-enginetransportlicense-built Douglas DC-3
Sopwith 1½ Strutter1915Armybiplanereconnaissance
Sopwith Pup501919Navybiplaneadvanced trainer
SPAD S. XIII Hei 11001919Armybiplanefighter
Tachikawa Ki-926181935Armybiplaneintermediate trainer
Tachikawa Ki-175601935Armybiplaneprimary trainer
Tachikawa Ki-3613341938Armysingle-enginedirect co-operation
Tachikawa Ki-5413681940Armytwin enginecrew traineralso used as transport
Tachikawa Ki-5513891939Armymonoplaneadvanced trainer
Tachikawa Ki-7031943Armytwin-enginereconnaissance
Tachikawa Ki-74141944Armytwin-enginereconnaissance bomber
Tachikawa Ki-7721942Armytwin-enginetransport
Tachikawa Ki-94-I11945Armypush-pullhigh-altitude fighter
Tachikawa Ki-94-II11945Armysingle-enginehigh-altitude fighter
Tachikawa KKY231935Armybiplaneambulancefunded by private donations
Tachikawa SS-121943Armytwin engine monoplaneHigh altitude research
Tokyo Koku Ki-107291944Armymonoplaneprimary trainer
Watanabe E9W351938Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Watanabe K6W31937Navybiplaneseaplane trainer
Watanabe K8W31938Navybiplaneseaplane trainer
Yokosuka B4Y2051935Navybiplanecarrier torpedo bomber
Yokosuka D3Y1-K Myojo51945Navymonoplanebomber trainerwood D3A
Yokosuka D4Y Suisei20381940Navysingle-enginecarrier dive bombersome built for reconnaissance
Yokosuka E1Y3201926Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Yokosuka E5Y201930Navyfloatplaneshipboard reconnaissance
Yokosuka E6Y101932Navyfloatplanesubmarine reconnaissance
Yokosuka E14Y1261939Navyfloatplanesubmarine reconnaissance
Yokosuka H5Y501936Navyflying boatmaritime reconnaissance
Yokosuka I-go Ko-gata701920Navybiplaneprimary seaplane trainer
Yokosuka K1Y1041925Navybiplaneprimary seaplane trainer
Yokosuka K2Y4641929Navybiplaneprimary trainer
Yokosuka K4Y2111930Navybiplaneseaplane trainer
Yokosuka K5Y57701933Navybiplaneintermediate trainer
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka8501944Navyrocketassault bomberKamikaze
Yokosuka MXY8 Akigusa31945Navygliderglider trainer
Yokosuka P1Y Ginga10021943Navytwin-engineattack bomber97 built as night fighters
Yokosuka R2Y Keiun11945Navysingle-enginereconnaissance
Yokosuka Ro-go Ko-gata2181918Navyfloatplanereconnaissance
.

5 min read
Share this post:
Like it 8

Leave a Comment

Please, enter your name.
Please, provide a valid email address.
Please, enter your comment.
Enjoy this post? Join Eduo
Don’t forget to share it
Top