Recording Industry Association of Japan

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Albert Flores

The Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ) (日本レコード協会) is an industry trade group composed of Japanese corporations involved in the music industry. It was founded in 1942 as the Japan Phonogram Record Cultural Association, and adopted its current name in 1969.

The RIAJ's activities include promotion of music sales, enforcement of copyright law, and research related to the Japanese music industry. It publishes the annual RIAJ Year Book, a statistical summary of each year's music sales, as well as distributing a variety of other data.

Headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, the RIAJ has twenty member companies and a smaller number of associate and supporting members; some member companies are the Japanese branches of multinational corporations headquartered elsewhere.

The association is responsible for certifying gold and platinum albums and singles in Japan.

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RIAJ Certification

In 1989, the Recording Industry Association of Japan introduced the music recording certification systems. It is awarded based on shipment figures of compact disc or cassette tape which was reported by record labels. +more In principle, the criteria are limitedly applied to the materials released after January 21, 1989.

Certification awards

Currently, all music sales including singles, albums, digital download singles are on the same criteria. Unlike many countries, the highest certification is called "Million". +more

wikitableThresholds per award
GoldPlatinum2× Platinum3× PlatinumMillionMulti-Million
100,000250,000500,000750,0001,000,0002,000,000+
.

Old criteria (until June 2003)

Before the unification of criteria and introduction of music videos category in July 2003, a separate scale had been used for certification awards.

wikitableFormatTypeThresholds per award
GoldPlatinum2× PlatinumMillion3× Platinum4× Platinum
AlbumsDomestic200,000400,000800,0001,000,0001,200,0001,600,000
AlbumsInternational100,000200,000400,0001,000,000600,000800,000
SinglesDomestic200,000400,000800,0001,000,0001,200,0001,600,000
SinglesInternational50,000100,000200,0001,000,000300,000400,000

Digital certifications

Certifications for songs and albums released digitally began on September 20, 2006, using download data collected since the early 2000s. From 2006 until 2013, there were three categories for certifications: Chaku-uta (着うた(R)), Chaku-uta Full (着うたフル(R)) (i. +moree. a download to a cellphone) and PC Haishin (PC配信) for songs purchased on services such as iTunes. On February 28, 2014, the Chaku-uta Full and PC categories were merged to create the Single Track (シングルトラック) category.

While digital album certifications are possible, only a few albums have received this certification since the RIAJ began awarding it, including the 2011 Songs for Japan charity album, and Hikaru Utada's sixth studio album Fantôme. In 2021, Ayumi Hamasaki's A Complete: All Singles (2008) became the first album released in the 2000s to receive digital certification.

FormatThresholds per award
GoldPlatinum2× Platinum3× PlatinumMillion
Chaku-uta (R)N/A500,000750,0001,000,000
Single Track100,000250,000
Album

Streaming only

As of April 2020, RIAJ has begun to certify songs for streaming, just how it does for physical shipments and digital download sales.

Unlike physical shipments and digital download sales, the streaming certifications have their own levels, due to the higher amount of streams compared to the other formats.

wikitableThresholds per award
SilverGoldPlatinumDiamond
30,000,00050,000,000100,000,000500,000,000

Members

Main members

Avex Group¹ ** Avex Entertainment ** Avex Digital (supporting member) * Being Inc. +more * Dreamusic Incorporated * For Life Music * Geneon Universal Entertainment¹ * King Records¹ ** Bellwood Records (supporting member) ** King Records International (supporting member) * Nippon Columbia ** Columbia Marketing (supporting member) * Nippon Crown¹ * Pony Canyon¹ ** Exit Tunes (associate member) * Sony Music Entertainment Japan¹ ** Ariola Japan (supporting member) ** DefStar Records (supporting member) ** Epic Records Japan (supporting member) ** Ki/oon Records (supporting member) ** SME Records (supporting member) ** Sony Music Artists (supporting member) ** Sony Music Associated Records (supporting member) ** Sony Music Direct (supporting member) ** Sony Music Distribution (supporting member) ** Sony Music Japan International (supporting member) ** Sony Music Records (supporting member) * Teichiku Entertainment¹ * Tokuma Japan Communications¹ * Universal Music Group¹ ** EMI Music Japan¹ * VAP Inc. ¹ * Victor Entertainment¹ * Warner Music Group¹ * Yamaha Music Communications * Yoshimoto R&C.

Associate members

Amuse Soft Entertainment * HATS Unlimited * Johnny and Associates ** J Storm ** Johnny's Entertainment * Konami Digital Entertainment * Bandai Visual ** Lantis (main member) * LD&K Records * Naxos Records * Pryaid Records¹ * Stardust Records * Space Shower Networks * Spiritual Beast * Venus Records * Village Again Association * NBC Universal Entertainment Japan * KISS Entertainment * Rambling Records * Gambit * Croix

Supporting members

Aniplex (subsidiary of Sony Music Entertainment Japan) * Crown-Tokuma Music (joint venture of Nippon Crown and Tokuma Japan Communications) * Free Board * Holiday Japan * Jei One * NPPDevelop * T-Toc Records * TV Asahi Music * Ward Records * Toys Factory * Aceforce Entertainment * Kino Music

¹Member, International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.

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