Samyutta Nikaya

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The Saṃyukta Nikāya/Samyutta Nikaya (Saṃyukta Nikāya/ SN, "Connected Discourses" or "Kindred Sayings") is a Buddhist scripture, the third of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that compose the Pali Tipitaka of Theravada Buddhism. Because of the abbreviated way parts of the text are written, the total number of suttas/sūtras is unclear. The editor of the Pali Text Society edition of the text made it 2889, Bodhi in his translation has 2904, while the commentaries give 7762. A study by Rupert Gethin gives the totals for the Burmese and Sinhalese editions as 2854 and 7656, respectively, and his own calculation as 6696; he also says the total in the Thai edition is unclear. The suttas/sūtras are grouped into five vargas/vaggas, or sections. Each varga/vagga is further divided into samyuttas/saṃyuktas, or chapters, each of which in turn contains a group of suttas/sūtras on a related topic.

Correspondence with the Saṃyukta Āgama

The Samyutta Nikaya corresponds to the Saṃyukta Āgama found in the Sutra Pitikas of various Sanskritic early Buddhists schools, fragments of which survive in Sanskrit and in Tibetan translation. A complete Chinese translation from the Sarvāstivādin recension appears in the Chinese Buddhist canon, where it is known as the Zá Ahánjīng (雜阿含經); meaning "the mixed agama". +more A comparison of the Sarvāstivādin, Kāśyapīya, and Theravadin texts reveals a considerable consistency of content, although each recension contains sutras/suttas not found in the others. The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama (《校釋》,Chinese version) makes further comparison.

Dating

Bhante Sujato, a contemporary scholar monk, argues that the remarkable congruence of the various recensions suggests that the Samyutta Nikaya/Saṃyukta Āgama was the only collection to be finalized in terms of both structure and content in the pre-sectarian period.

Translations

Full translations

The Book of the Kindred Sayings, tr C. A. +more F. Rhys Davids & F. L. Woodward, 1917-30, 5 volumes, Bristol: Pali Text Society *The Connected Discourses of the Buddha, tr Bhikkhu Bodhi, 2000, Wisdom Publications, Somerville, MA, ; the Pali Text Society also issues a private edition of this for members only, which is its preferred translation *Bhikkhu Sujato (trans. ), The “Linked” or “Connected” Discourses, 2018, [url=https://suttacentral. net/sn]published online at SuttaCentral[/url] and released into the public domain.

Selections

anthology published by Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka * Nidana Samyutta, published in Burma; reprinted Sri Satguru, Delhi

Divisions

The vaggas contained in this nikaya are (the numbering of chapters [samyuttas] here refers to the PTS and Burmese editions; the Sinhalese and Thai editions divide the text up somewhat differently):

Vagga NameDescriptionSamyutta NumberSamyutta Names
Part I. Sagatha-vaggaa collection of suttas containing verses (Pali, sagatha), many shared by other parts of the Pali canon such as the Theragatha, Therigatha, Suttanipata, Dhammapada and the Jatakas. +moreSN 1-111. devatāsaṃyuttaṃ 2. devaputtasaṃyuttaṃ 3. kosalasaṃyuttaṃ 4. mārasaṃyuttaṃ 5. bhikkhunīsaṃyuttaṃ 6. brahmasaṃyuttaṃ 7. brāhmaṇasaṃyuttaṃ 8. vaṅgīsasaṃyuttaṃ 9. vanasaṃyuttaṃ 10. yakkhasaṃyuttaṃ 11. sakkasaṃyuttaṃ
Part II. Nidana-vaggaa collection of suttas primarily pertaining to causation (Pali, nidana)SN 12-2112. nidānasaṃyuttaṃ 13. abhisamayasaṃyuttaṃ 14. dhātusaṃyuttaṃ 15. anamataggasaṃyuttaṃ 16. kassapasaṃyuttaṃ 17. lābhasakkārasaṃyuttaṃ 18. rāhulasaṃyuttaṃ 19. lakkhaṇasaṃyuttaṃ 20. opammasaṃyuttaṃ 21. bhikkhusaṃyuttaṃ
Part III. Khandha-vaggaa collection of suttas primarily pertaining to the five aggregates (Pali, khandha)SN 22-3422. khandhasaṃyuttaṃ 23. rādhasaṃyuttaṃ 24. diṭṭhisaṃyuttaṃ 25. okkantasaṃyuttaṃ 26. uppādasaṃyuttaṃ 27. kilesasaṃyuttaṃ 28. sāriputtasaṃyuttaṃ 29. nāgasaṃyuttaṃ 30. supaṇṇasaṃyuttaṃ 31. gandhabbakāyasaṃyuttaṃ 32. valāhakasaṃyuttaṃ 33. vacchagottasaṃyuttaṃ 34. jhānasaṃyuttaṃ
Part IV. Salayatana-vaggaa collection of suttas primarily pertaining to the six sense bases (Pali, salayatana), including the "Fire Sermon" (Adittapariyaya Sutta)SN 35-4435. saḷāyatanasaṃyuttaṃ 36. vedanāsaṃyuttaṃ 37. mātugāmasaṃyuttaṃ 38. jambukhādakasaṃyuttaṃ 39. sāmaṇḍakasaṃyuttaṃ 40. moggallānasaṃyuttaṃ 41. cittasaṃyuttaṃ 42. gāmaṇisaṃyuttaṃ 43. asaṅkhatasaṃyuttaṃ 44. abyākatasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 45. the Noble Eightfold Path45. maggasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 46. the Seven Factors of Enlightenment46. bojjhaṅgasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 47. the Four Establishment of Mindfulness47. satipaṭṭhānasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 48. the Faculties48. indriyasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 49. the Four Right Striving49. sammappadhānasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 50. the Five Powers50. balasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 51. the Four Bases for Spiritual Power51. iddhipādasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 52. Anuruddha discourses52. anuruddhasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN h 53. the Jhanas53. jhānasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 54. Mindfulness of Breathing54. ānāpānasaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 55. Factors of Stream-entry55. sotāpattisaṃyuttaṃ
Part V. Maha-vaggathe largest - that is, great (Pali, maha) - collectionSN 56. the Truths56. saccasaṃyuttaṃ
.

Notes

Bibliography

Bhikkhu Bodhi (trans. ) (2000). +more The Connected Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Saṃyutta Nikāya. Boston: Wisdom Publications. . * [url=http://www. buddhism-dict. net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb. pl?96. xml+id('b96dc-963f-542b-7d93')]Digital Dictionary of Buddhism[/url], entry on Zá Ahánjīng * The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama《校釋》,(Chinese version). Wang Jianwei and Jin Hui, East China Normal University Press, 2014.

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